I served on a City committee a number of years ago. Back then, the revenue from water and sewer fees did not cover the operating, maintenance and replacement costs for the plants and infrastructure. The city took the action of doubling the rates for customers who lived outside the city limits (i.e, did not pay city taxes) because the taxes of city residents supported infrastructure maintenance in addition to their water and sewer fees. This, however, did not make up the revenue gap, and the water and sewer systems have continued to run at a loss. Politicians are risk averse and raising rates or taxes risks angering voters, so the underfunding situation persisted until it became a crisis. Given that it is 23 years since I served on that city committee, I’d say the time has come to address the underfunding situation.