BEIRUT — Syrian rebels seized control a strategic hospital near Aleppo, giving a boost to beleaguered anti-government forces in the northern city after days of relentless airstrikes on opposition-held neighborhoods there, activists said on Saturday.
The rebels’ capture of Kindi hospital does not drastically alter the broader battle for Aleppo, which has been divided for more than a year between opposition and government forces. But it does provide a lift to a rebel movement that has been dogged in recent months by infighting that allowed President Bashar Assad’s forces to chip away at rebel-held territory on several fronts.
For months, rebels had been trying to capture Kindi hospital, which is close to the besieged central prison on the edge of town and where the government is believed to be holding thousands of detainees.
The hospital finally fell to the rebels on Friday, according to two activist groups – the Aleppo Media Center and the Britain-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights.
Aleppo-based activist Abu al-Hassan Marea said the rebels who overran the hospital included both conservative Muslim groups and al-Qaida-linked factions.
Observatory director Rami Abdurrahman said at least 42 government troops were killed in Friday’s fighting, and at least 19 Syrian rebels and an unknown number of foreign fighters.
A Syrian freelance photographer who worked for foreign news outlets, including Reuters, also was killed in the fighting, activists said. The photographer, Molhem Barakat, was with his brother, a rebel fighter, inside a carpet factory near the hospital when they were both killed, said Hassoun Abu Faisal of the Aleppo Media Center. Activists also circulated a photograph of Barakat’s corpse, which matched other images of him.
Abu Faisal said Barakat, who activists said was 18 years old, began working as a photographer about five months ago, was considered talented and quickly sold photographs to foreign media. Reuters said Saturday that Barakat had taken pictures for the news agency on a freelance basis.
Media watchdog groups have ranked Syria the world’s most dangerous country for reporters. The Committee to Project Journalists says 22 journalists have been killed in Syria this year, not counting Barakat. More than 30 journalists are believed to be currently held by the Syrian government or rebel forces.
Meanwhile, Syrian government forces continued dumping so-called barrel bombs – containers containing hundreds of pounds kilograms of explosives and fuel – over opposition-held parts of Aleppo. The British-based Observatory said at least six people were killed in Saturday’s air raids, but other groups gave higher death tolls.
The aid group Doctors Without Borders has said that over four days this week government airstrikes killed at least 189 people and wounded 879 more.
Human Rights Watch, meanwhile, said in a statement Saturday that the airstrikes in Aleppo were indiscriminate and unlawful.
“Government forces have really been wreaking disaster on Aleppo in the last month, killing men, women, and children alike,” said Ole Solvang, senior emergencies researcher at the New York-based group. “The Syrian Air Force is either criminally incompetent, doesn’t care whether it kills scores of civilians – or deliberately targets civilian areas.”
Syria’s civil war, now into its third year, has killed more than 120,000 people, according to activists, while millions have been forced from their homes by the fighting.
Syrian officials have not commented on the air raids in Aleppo, the country’s largest city and former commercial hub. Aleppo has been a major front in the civil war since the rebels launched an offensive there in mid-2012. The city has been carved into opposition- and government-held areas.
The escalation comes ahead of peace talks scheduled to begin on Jan. 22 in Switzerland. The timing has sparked speculation that Assad may be trying to strengthen his position on the ground and expose opposition weaknesses before sitting down at the negotiating table.
“I think it will have the reverse effect,” Aleppo-based activist Abu Raed said via Skype. “The helicopters come. We stop and look. We keep looking until the barrel drops. We shout out God’s name. The civil defense comes to dig out people. The media activists go film.”
Both Marea and Raed asked that they be identified only by their nicknames, fearing for their own security.
In Damascus, the state news agency said the capital and much of southern Syrian plunged into darkness after a rebel attack struck a gas pipeline that supplies a power plant. Blackouts hit Damascus and other government controlled areas on a regular basis.
This citizen journalism image provided by Aleppo Media Center, AMC, which has been authenticated based on its contents and other AP reporting, Syrian citizens stand on rubble of houses that were destroyed due to Syrian forces airstrikes in Aleppo, Syria, Wednesday, Dec. 18, 2013. Syrian government aircraft dumped barrels packed with explosives on at least four opposition-held neighborhoods of Aleppo on Wednesday, the fourth day of stepped-up airstrikes on the contested northern city, activists said. (AP Photo/Aleppo Media Center AMC)×
In this Tuesday, Dec. 17, 2013 citizen journalism image provided by Aleppo Media Center, AMC, and released Wednesday, Dec. 18, 2013, which has been authenticated based on its contents and other AP reporting, shows Syrians holding a wounded man being removed from the scene of a Syrian government airstrike in Aleppo, Syria. Syrian warplanes dumped explosive-laden barrel bombs over opposition-held parts of the northern city of Aleppo on Wednesday, the fourth day of a relentless offensive to drive rebels out of the contested city, activists said. The country's conflict, now in its third year, appears to have escalated in recent weeks as both sides maneuver ahead of next month's planned peace talks and ignore calls for a cease-fire. (AP Photo/Aleppo Media Center, AMC)×
ap photo/shaam news network In this image taken from video obtained from the Shaam News Network, which has been authenticated based on its contents and other AP reporting, smoke billows from a building after a blast in Aleppo, Syria, on Thursday.×