FLAGSTAFF, Ariz. (AP) — A national panel of judicial and law enforcement experts traveled the country taking comment on public safety issues on American Indian reservations, where federal statistics show the violent crime rates can be 20 times the national average.
In Palm Springs, Calif., the Law and Order Commission heard about the patchwork of legal systems imposed on tribal members. In Alaska, commissioners talked with a leader who told them each of the dozens of Native women they had met that day had been raped. In Phoenix, they heard from Navajo police who said drunken drivers often travel onto the vast reservation.
What the commission came up with is a report that seeks to close gaps in public safety in tribal communities. The report was released Tuesday, a day ahead of the White House Tribal Nations Conference.
The recommendations then go to Congress and the president.
Among the report’s 40 recommendations is giving tribes more control over crime and justice on their reservations, including an expansion of authority to prosecute non-Indians. The Tribal Law and Order Act and provisions of the Violence Against Women Act do that to an extent. But Commission Chairman Troy Eid said federal laws and policies overall remain outdated and stand in the way of making tribal communities safer.
“If you can imagine a world where tribes have that authority, and you respect federal constitutional rights ... it starts to be a solvable problem,” he said. “People know what to do.”
The commission has set a 10-year goal to implement the recommendations, a date that would mark 100 years since American Indians were granted the right to vote. Some of the recommendations will require acts of Congress, while others such as requiring federal officials to testify in tribal court cases, can be implemented through policy changes, Eid said.
Report addresses public safety on tribal land